Abstract: Definition of the words “argument” and “counterargument” in a case study research with 91 Greek students of 5th and 6th grade present children’s prior knowledge on argumentation and persuasive writing. This study is a part of broader research concerning teaching experimental strategies of an intervention program in Greek public schools with teaching and learning persuasive language, and meaning making in a writing class. The authors discuss the results of this study in evaluation of a questionnaire’s data. The data confirm the existence of cognitive, meta-cognitive and meta-linguistic limitations in their intervention: Children’s pre-existing understanding of concepts and terms, such as “argument”, “counterargument”, “fallacy”, etc., is limited, if not absent. Findings on students’ limited declarative knowledge in defining what an “argument” or a “counterargument” is, indicate the need of a systematic and effective integration of arguments and especially this of counterarguments, as procedural knowledge in teaching argumentative writing with children at the age of 10-12 years.
Key words: definition; argument; counterargument; teaching; writing
An optimum medium for developing abilities such as critical thinking and analysis of an argumentative text down to its components, is the early and systematic training of students in argumentative writing within a school context. An effective way of reaching this goal could be to expose the students to interactive pactives conducive to writing as a social act- able to «address self in society and social relation to self» (Shor, 1987, p. 95). Rhetorical pedagogy is closely related to this effort (freeley and Steinberg, 2009, p.3; Johnson, 1996, p. 46; Strnberg & Spear-Swerling, 1996, pp. 66-8).
Summary: This paper concerns the contribution of imitatio to the argumentative writing of
twenty three 11-years old students of an elementary school (case-study) in the context
of a socially constructed classroom. Through the lecture, listening, analysis and explicit teaching of the argumentative topics and stylistic figures found in a hybrid literary-argumentative text, students were conduced to the mimesis and genesis of multiple persuasive arguments. Imitatio seemed to influence positively the student’s argumentative writing. The qualitative analysis of the final written argumentative texts showed a better awareness of the argumentative genre. Also, the quantification of
data revealed an increased use of the argumentative topics of relations (cause-effect,
antithesis) and of the figure of rhetorical questions.
Key words: imitation, argumentative writing, genre, elementary school
Abstract: This paper aims at presenting the influence of classical, educational principles of rhetoric on the Toastmasters educational program. Toastmasters is an eminent, international organization which aims at instilling communication and leadership skills in its members in a constructionist and pressure-free educational setting. In this context, the ancient theory de ratione dicendi seems to be perfectly applied, interwoven with modern communication theories on public speaking. The research reveals that traditional rhetorical principles and practices continue to be the necessary equipment that each member of Toastmasters should acquire in order to become successful in public speaking. The statistical analysis of the questionnaire given to the active members of the Hellenic Toastmasters Club brings out their profile, their interests and the multiplicity of benefits that are expected to be received in the above educational setting.
Key words: Toastmasters, communication (skills), leadership (skills), public speaking, adult education, lifelong learning
Abstract: According to the genre-based approach to writing, modeling of a ‘target’-genre consists of a useful tool for teaching and learning in language arts. The current study makes part of a broader research concerning teaching experimental strategies for fostering argumentative writing to 25 eleven years-old pupils of a Greek elementary school (case research). Purpose of the study was to examine the influence of an original structural model, “the train of argumentation”, as methodological tool in the context of a socially constructed classroom, to the pupils’ argumentative writing. The proposed model was influenced by Toulmin and used the “journey metaphor” of argumentation for providing pupils with the necessary knowledge about structural exigencies of argumentative genre. Statistical analysis of data proved: a) a significant augmentation of argumentative text structure awareness and b) a significant increase in the use of connective devices inserted in the pupils’ written argumentative texts.
Keywords: genre, argumentative writing, metaphor, model, literacy, elementary school, rhetoric,
Abstract: The current paper intends to call for an educational rhetorical turn in school practice in the
modern educational settings. This goal will be achieved at two levels: theory and praxis. Firstly, at the
theory level, the diachronic value of rhetorical paideia (παιδεία) / pedagogy will be shown through the
examination of its classical teachings as diachronic sources for empowering the learning and teaching
process. Also, the correlation of classical rhetoric to the principles of modern pedagogical theories, will show the inborn pedagogical nature of rhetoric and its main essential qualities.
Secondly, at the praxis level, reference will be made to the use of various oral rhetorical activities as
implemented in classrooms world-wide. Interpretive reading, practice in impromptu speech, exhortative speech and, mainly, in argumentation represent modern features of rhetorical paideia. Undoubtedly, within the core of rhetorical paideia stands the teaching of argument through various linguistic games and forms of debates, affirming the Protagorean conception that dittoi logoi/(debate) still consist of a precious pedagogical and epistemic methods, which increase students’ knowledge in various fields about the word and the world.
Nowadays, more than ever, it is necessary for educators and students to rehabilitate the relationship
between education and rhetoric. In contrast to stagnant curriculums, monotonous teaching practices, passive approaches to learning and to life, rhetorical paideia is, still, the only revolutionary educational approach for the formation of skillful, integral, critical persons, who may affront effectively the challenges of life both as individuals and as collective characters in the modern world.
Keywords: rhetorical paideia/pedagogy, theory, praxis, interpretive reading, impromptu speech,
exhortative speech, argumentation, dittoi logoi/(debate).
Within the context of the current research, our interest will be focused on two, distant in time pedagogical approaches, which emphatically underline the need as well as the possibility of students’ empowerment both as individuals and citizens: a) rhetorical paideia and b) critical pedagogy. In particular, we intend to examine whether the exchange of arguments within a debate may connect critical pedagogy to the teachings of classical rhetorical paideia, which begins with the sophistic movement (Egglezou, 2017). We firmly believe that such an attempt could contribute
to the pedagogical empowerment of students as critical thinkers and active citizens within the modern educational system.
According to Bakhtin’s theory, an argumentative text encompasses qualities such as
heteroglossia, polyphony and dialogism that enable the students’ transition from monologic to
dialogic cognition of others’ ideas. Such a knowledge may conduce to the dialogic formation of
argumentative writing and raise the students’ awareness on the argumentative genre.
Influenced by Bakhtin’s theory, the following paper presents an intervention case-study in
teaching argumentation conducted in a group of twenty four 12-year old students of a Greek
primary school. Data has been gathered from class recordings of role playing games, dialogic
interactions as well as from written argumentative texts. Results showed that the
aforementioned activities conduced, first, to the introduction of counter-arguments and
rebuttals in the students’ texts and, second, to the empowerment of their individual persuasive
Keywords: Βakhtin, dialogue, argumentative text, writing, primary school
Με μεγάλη χαρά ανακοινώνουμε ότι το ευρωπαϊκό ερευνητικό πρόγραμμα Erasmus+ KA2 Odyssey:Oxford Debates for Youths in Science Education συμπεριλήφθηκε στην πύλη (portal) Scientix καθώς και στο τριμηνιαίο ενημερωτικό δελτίο του Scientix Digest, το οποίο προσφέρει πρωτότυπα άρθρα πάνω στην καινοτομία σε επίπεδο πολιτικών, έρευνας και πρακτικών στην εκπαίδευση στα STEΜ. Περιέχει τις τελευταίες ειδήσεις έργα πάνω στην εκπαίδευση στις θετικές επιστήμες και από την κοινότητα του Scientix και παρακολουθεί την εξέλιξη Ευρωπαϊκών και εθνικών πολιτικών και πρωτοβουλιών. Το ταξίδι Odyssey συνεχίζεται!